Most of the residents of the province are from the Visayas Island. Forty percent (40%) of the population speak Bisaya, 33% Cebuano and 7% Boholano as mother tongue. The Butuanons who are among the original inhabitants of the place comprised 3.05% of its residents. All the residents can speak Pilipino.
The Roman Catholic religion still rules with three-fourths or 75.30 percent of the population in its fold. The Aglipayan Church has the second highest number of members with 8.25 percent and the remaining 16,45 percent belong to other religions.
Ninety six percent (96%) of the residents of the province are Filipino Citizens. American citizens are only 267 or 0.09% , Btritish with 238 or 0.08% and Chinese, 173 or 0.06%
During the 2010 elections, voting percentage on the provincial level is 80.04% which is lower by 1.43% compared to that of the 2007 elections of 81.47%. In 2007, number of registered voters reached 293,696 and it went down to 201,148 in 2010.