Based on the CBMS 2011 survey results, of the 11 municipalities, Magallanes had a very pronounced need for water since only 32% of its population had access to safe drinking water. This can be attributed largely to the land forms and classification of the town, which is marsy. In fact, it is 2 feet below sea level. Moreover, it is located along the convergence of the Agusan River and Butuan Bay. In 2008, some initiatives like tapping water from the nearby town of Cabadbaran City were adopted to decrease the gap. Due to its abundant water supply and healthy watershed, Cabadbaran had the most number of people with access drinking water (about 96% of the population). Overall, however, only 85% of the total population of the province had access to safe drinking water. Taking into account the urbanity of the barangays in each municipality, it was observe that urban areas had greater access to safe drinking water than rural areas. As to sources of drinking water, 7,454 households had their own community water systems. Another 13,473 households got safe drinking water, from shared deep wells; 2,184 households from their own deep well; and 8,102 households, from artesian wells and bottled water. A total of 8,193 households got their drinking water from unsafe sources.